Drone and satellite technologies facilitate the creation of visuals that provide important information about land, soil and product structure. Figure B7.2. We share our knowledge and peer-reveiwed research papers with libraries, scientific and engineering societies, and also work with corporate R&D departments and government entities. Locally, there may be additional protection priorities, such as the protection of genetic diversity or the need to protect specific plant or animal species. By understanding how the soil processes that support plant growth and regulate environmental quality are affected by management practices, it is possible to design a crop and soil management system that improves and maintains soil health over time. Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the UN has predicted that soil degradation may reduce up to 10 per cent of crop yields by 2050, threatening global food security. Investing in research is a key to gathering the best data and developing the best solutions for sustainable soil management. Select: When the density of harmful species reaches the threshold, many protection options are activated. Between all the animals (like worms and insects) and the millions of microbes that make their homes in the ground, healthy soil is teeming with life. In fertilizer applications not suitable for the technique, the nitrogen is leaching from the soil or away from the gaseous state and the nutrients such as phosphorus and potassium are transformed into non-volatile forms. Principles for Sustainable Soil Management Offers a framework for principle-based collaboration between business, the UN, governments, civil society and other stakeholders. Irrigation should be avoided in the middle of day and windy weather, irrigation should be done at night, and if possible drip irrigation method should be used. D. Components of a Sustainable Soil Fertility Management Program: The Means to Achieving the Above Goals 1. By understanding how the soil processes that support plant growth and regulate environmental quality are affected by management practices, it is possible to design a crop and soil management system that improves and maintains soil health over time. A variable-rate irrigation program is created in line with weather data and weather forecasts. At the same time, an increase in soil fertility, protection of water, protection of valuable seeds and biodiversity need to be taken into account. An enabling environment should also be created where farmers are trained to become agripreneurs, and matured technologies are made available to them with appropriate training on how to adopt the technologies, among others. Green manure and mulch are useful in keeping water in soil. With systems equipped with digital sensors, it is aimed to maximize productivity by providing detailed and real-time information such as the type and amount of fertilizer to be given to the regions, weather conditions, plant mineral need, irrigation time, soil condition, estimated harvest time. Today, the most important issue of researchers is the question of whether or not food can be produced enough to feed so many people in parallel with the rapidly increasing population. How you manage your soil can significantly impact water availability. In agriculture, healthy nutrition of the plants and increasing the use of fertilizers depends on the application of nutrients at the time of need, with sufficient and correct methods. In return for a contract with farmers involved in the program, it is an incentive for farmers to make agricultural production that is sensitive to the environment and improves the environmental health and quality [6]. Scouting is the most fundamental act of traveling in crop fields and make observations. In particular, the non-cultivation agricultural system and protective agriculture in general are facing an ecologically and economically large potential for cultivated areas, whose productivity is decreasing day by day and becoming more open to erosion every day. Koç Mehmet Tuğrul (September 5th 2019). Today, the world population is rapidly increasing and resources are consumed at the same rate; creating awareness about sustainable food, transferring this consciousness to future generations in a more permanent way, increasing the number of conscious producers and consumers, strengthening awareness for sustainable foods, respecting the natural balance, and gaining a sense of responsibility, saving consumption habits should be our main target. 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