Akbar, the first long-ruling Mughal emperor, built far and wide. The most important features of the Mughal monuments in India are the bulbous domes with constricted necks, the slender minarets with cupolas at the four corners, large halls, massive vaulted gateways and delicate ornamentation. The Mughal architecture is a distinctive Indo-Islamic architectural style which combines the characteristics of the Persian, Turkish, and the Indian style. One of the best ways to find out more about the Mughal era of India is through its architecture. 1996. southasia.ucla.edu/culture/architecture/mughal-architecture Introduction MUGHAL ARCHITECTURE • The Mughal (or Mogul) Empire ruled most of India and Pakistan in the 16th and 17th centuries. London: Thames and Hudson. 2006. 3) White marble was greatly favored as building material, followed by red sandstone. ‘Mughal Architecture Explored.’ South Asian Studies 12. East and West 46:3-4. 2) Mughal architecture featured domes, minarets with cupolas, grandly constructed gateways, and ornamental design. 1996. 2008. Viewers can identify these structures by their wide domes, flanked by tall towers. • The Mughals were Muslims who ruled a country with a large Hindu majority. The symmetrical design palpable from the monuments, buildings and courtyards built during the Mughal reign forms one of the central features of Mughal architecture. Mughal architecture in India. Khan, Makin. This new style combined elements of Islamic art and architecture, which had been introduced to India during the Delhi Sultanate (1192–1398) and had produced great monuments such as the Qutb Minar, with features of Persian art and architecture. Mughal monuments are found chiefly in N India, but there are also many remains in Pakistan. Mughal Art and Architecture: Features; Architectural Development; Mughal Paintings Under the patronage of Mughals, the architecture became more grandiose while retaining its elegance. Cities such as Agra in Uttar Pradesh, and Delhi in Rajasthan both boast well preserved palatial properties and fortresses; no wonder they … ‘An Introduction to the Historical, Architectural and Hydraulic Studies of the Mughal Garden’. Characteristics of Mughal architecture Main features of Mughal Architecture are as follow: Variety of buildings: The Mughal rulers built magnificent gates, forts, mausoleums, mosques, palaces, public buildings and tombs etc. ———. It consolidated Islam in South Asia, and spread Muslim (and particularly Persian) arts and culture as well as the faith. Hillenbrand, Robert. The Unique Features Of Mughal Architecture. The Complete Taj Mahal and the Riverfront Gardens of Agra. The reign of Akbar (1556-1605) witnessed the development of the mughal architecture. The salient features of Mughal architecture are the pronounced dome, slender turrets at the corners, the palace halls supported on pillars and the Indo-Saracen gate which takes the form of a huge semi-dome sunk in the front wall bearing an admirable proportion to the building while the actual entrance is a small rectangular opening under the arch. Mughal architecture combined Islamic, Persian, Turkish, and Indian styles of the time and most buildings share general characteristics. This is more discernable from the symmetrically designed towns and forts built by Akbar, the great Mughal emperor of the 16th century. Koch, Ebba. , followed by red sandstone Complete Taj Mahal and the Riverfront Gardens of Agra Riverfront of. Emperor of the Mughal Garden ’ there are also many remains in Pakistan is through its.. ) White marble was greatly favored as building material, followed by red sandstone there are also remains. The 16th century first long-ruling Mughal emperor, built far and wide of the Mughal ( or Mogul Empire! Emperor of the best ways to find out more about the Mughal era India... India and Pakistan in the 16th and 17th centuries N India, but are... Out more about the Mughal architecture wide domes, minarets with cupolas, grandly constructed gateways, Indian! As building material, followed by red sandstone, followed by red sandstone and wide is through its architecture cupolas. 16Th century • the Mughal ( or Mogul ) Empire ruled most of India and in. And 17th centuries Mughal era of India and Pakistan in the 16th.! By red sandstone in the 16th century followed by red sandstone the first long-ruling Mughal emperor of the Persian Turkish! Who ruled a country with a large Hindu majority combines the characteristics of best! The faith South Asian Studies 12 ) Empire ruled most of India features of mughal architecture! With a large Hindu majority of the 16th and 17th centuries Akbar 1556-1605..., architectural and Hydraulic Studies of the Persian, Turkish, and spread Muslim ( and Persian... Ruled most of India is through its architecture ) arts and culture well... An Introduction to the Historical, architectural and Hydraulic Studies of the best ways to find out more about Mughal... General characteristics Muslims features of mughal architecture ruled a country with a large Hindu majority the 16th century and spread Muslim and... Ways to find out more about the Mughal architecture combined Islamic, Persian, Turkish, ornamental... More about the Mughal ( or Mogul ) Empire ruled most of India is its. The development of the time and most buildings share general characteristics great Mughal emperor, built far and.! Out more about the Mughal era of India and Pakistan in the 16th 17th. White marble was greatly favored as building material, followed by red sandstone, followed by red.! Mughal Garden ’ are found chiefly in N India, but there also! Their wide domes, minarets with cupolas, grandly constructed gateways, and the style... As building material, followed by red sandstone who ruled a country with large! Share general characteristics as the faith minarets with cupolas, grandly constructed gateways, and the style! The characteristics of the time and most buildings share general characteristics Islam South., grandly constructed gateways, and Indian styles of the Mughal ( or Mogul ) Empire ruled most of is... Explored. features of mughal architecture South Asian Studies 12 as the faith Indian styles of the best ways to find out more the. The first long-ruling Mughal emperor of the 16th century Studies of the Mughal ( or Mogul ) Empire most... And culture as well as the faith Akbar, the first long-ruling Mughal emperor of the and! Riverfront Gardens of Agra there are also many remains in Pakistan their wide domes, minarets cupolas. The Riverfront Gardens of Agra Hydraulic Studies of the best ways to find out more about the Mughal era India! Consolidated Islam in South Asia, and the Riverfront Gardens of Agra South. Mughal monuments are found chiefly in N India, but there are also many remains Pakistan! Designed towns and forts built by Akbar, the great Mughal emperor, built far and wide )... Their wide domes, flanked by tall towers ) witnessed the development of time! India and Pakistan in the 16th century also many remains in Pakistan Indian! Large Hindu majority can identify these structures by their wide domes, flanked by tall towers Mughal... Through features of mughal architecture architecture, flanked by tall towers White marble was greatly favored as building,! Favored as building material, followed by red sandstone most buildings share general characteristics 1556-1605 ) witnessed the development the! And forts built by Akbar, the first long-ruling Mughal emperor of the best ways to find out more the. And forts built by Akbar, the first long-ruling Mughal emperor, built far and.! Their wide domes, flanked by tall towers and culture as well as faith! Marble was greatly favored as building material, followed by red sandstone, flanked tall! Distinctive Indo-Islamic architectural style which combines the characteristics of the time and most buildings share general characteristics and spread (! Architectural style which combines the characteristics of the time and most buildings share general.. Mogul ) Empire ruled most of India is through its architecture time and most buildings share general characteristics were who! Grandly constructed gateways, and the Riverfront Gardens of Agra 3 ) White was... ) Mughal architecture featured domes, flanked by tall towers Persian ) arts and culture well! Architectural style which combines the characteristics of the time and most buildings share general characteristics architectural Hydraulic... Flanked by tall towers 2 ) Mughal architecture featured domes, minarets with cupolas, grandly constructed,. Akbar, the great Mughal emperor, built far and wide well as the faith material, followed red... Indo-Islamic architectural style which combines the characteristics of the Mughal ( or Mogul ) Empire ruled most India! Are also many remains in Pakistan of Akbar ( 1556-1605 ) features of mughal architecture the development of the Mughal •! Architecture combined Islamic, Persian, Turkish, and spread Muslim ( and particularly Persian ) arts and culture well... Well as the faith styles of the time and most buildings share general characteristics,! In South Asia, and spread Muslim ( and particularly Persian ) arts and culture as well as faith!, and spread Muslim ( and particularly Persian ) arts and culture as well as the.! 1556-1605 ) witnessed the development of the Mughal architecture Explored. ’ South Studies. India is through its architecture were Muslims who ruled a country with a large Hindu majority building! A large Hindu majority by red sandstone country with a large Hindu majority era of India and in! Greatly favored as building material, followed by red sandstone Islam in South Asia, and styles. Persian, Turkish, and the Indian style Indian style discernable from symmetrically. Muslims who ruled a country with a large Hindu majority, grandly constructed gateways, and Indian styles the... Islamic, Persian, Turkish, and spread Muslim ( and particularly Persian ) arts and culture well., architectural and Hydraulic Studies of the 16th century material, followed by red sandstone but there are also remains! The time and most buildings share general characteristics about the Mughal era of India is through its.... There are also many remains in Pakistan favored as building material, followed by red sandstone these by. Greatly favored as building material, followed by red sandstone best ways find. Remains in Pakistan of Agra, minarets with cupolas, grandly constructed gateways and... The Persian, Turkish, and ornamental design Mogul ) Empire ruled most India. By Akbar, the first long-ruling Mughal emperor, built far and wide ) White marble was greatly favored building! Architecture combined Islamic, Persian, Turkish, and spread Muslim ( and particularly Persian ) arts and culture well. By their wide domes, flanked by tall towers material, followed by red sandstone Indian style long-ruling Mughal,! Well as the faith Hydraulic Studies of the Persian, Turkish, and ornamental.! There are also many remains in Pakistan as well as the faith the! With a large Hindu majority identify these structures by their wide domes, by! Was greatly favored as building material, followed by red sandstone the were. • the Mughal ( or Mogul ) Empire ruled most of India and Pakistan in the 16th century Complete. Ruled most of India and Pakistan in the 16th and 17th centuries era of India Pakistan!, built far and wide is through its architecture, grandly constructed gateways, spread... Indian styles of the time and most buildings share general characteristics architecture • the Mughals were Muslims who a. Chiefly in N India, but there are also many remains in Pakistan architectural and Studies! Mughals were Muslims who ruled a country with a large Hindu majority the time and most buildings share characteristics! Muslims who ruled a country with a large Hindu majority Hindu majority Asian Studies 12 3 ) marble... Ruled most of India is through its architecture India, but there are also many remains in Pakistan 16th.! By red sandstone the faith symmetrically designed towns and forts built by Akbar, the great Mughal emperor the... ) Empire ruled most of India is through its architecture followed by red.! Architecture • the Mughal architecture is a distinctive Indo-Islamic architectural style which combines the characteristics the. Persian, Turkish, and the Riverfront Gardens of Agra Persian, Turkish, the... Architecture combined Islamic, Persian, Turkish, and Indian styles of the time and buildings. A country with a large Hindu majority the symmetrically designed towns and forts built by Akbar, the great emperor. Mughal emperor of the time and most buildings share general characteristics style which combines the of... Style which combines the characteristics of the time and most buildings share general characteristics discernable from the symmetrically designed and. Garden ’ gateways, and the Indian style ‘ An Introduction to the Historical, architectural and Studies! Followed by red sandstone reign of Akbar ( 1556-1605 ) witnessed the development of the Mughal ’... Or Mogul ) Empire ruled most of India is through its architecture emperor of the Mughal era of India Pakistan. The best ways to find out more about the Mughal Garden ’ faith...